prtg custom sensor powershell example
For the installation of PowerShell scripts in PRTG, follow these steps: The execution policy configured on a host specifies which scripts can be executed on the Windows host. All we need to do is specify the API URL in the sensor configuration, and in this example PRTG retrieves the share information for Apple (company identifier AAPL): Select the script you have just installed. Find out how you can The EXE/Script Advanced sensor type expects the data to be returned in an XML format. There is an Advanced HTTP sensor that I am hoping will fit the bill. Channels are the thing that contain actual monitoring values. What am I missing? Guide for PowerShell-based custom sensors. Presumably you’ve got some specific purpose intended for your custom sensor – possibly some esoteric metric that some gizmo on your network is capable of reporting, but it does so by some arbitrary, partially-formatted method. Stephan Linke [Paessler Support]. You can omit the parameters if you enter them in the correct order. You can change this to “Write EXE result to disk (Filename: “Result of Sensor [ID].txt”)” and then go watch.
Ensure that you’ve got it up and running and graphing data, and that you can reach the PRTG web GUI using your web browser. First channel
Installation Options. I worked out an PowerShell Example of a PRTG Advanced Custom Sensor with use of JSON Hope this helps some one else to get a faster start on it. ... For examples and usage scenarios, please see the Project Site. The only option on this page that cannot be changed after adding the sensor is the EXE/Script field – which is where you select the script you saved in step three. script The EXE/Script Advanced sensor type expects the data to be returned in an XML format. Stephan Linke [Paessler Support], Last change on May 31, 2019 6:13:58 AM by You can also create a custom sensor. Created on May 29, 2019 1:56:10 AM by Prtg Sensor Device Group Probe Channel Notification Action Trigger Remove Pause Resume Check Acknowledge PowerShell Setting Property. \Custom Sensors\EXE\, \Custom Sensors\EXEXML\. Helpfully, PRTG will probably give you an error messages that give you absolutely no help in finding the cause: … or, it may just time out and report that no data was received. After you select the sensor type, you’re presented with a page of options for your new sensor. Setting. If you want to monitor different performance counters with the same name, add one sensor for each counter. Because i found no needful Example of a PowerShell Example of a PRTG Advanced Custom Sensor and i dislike XML. TypoProne In addition to these required fields, each of result block can define the units that the data is returned as, state if the returned value is a counter, set the sensor to a warning state, and set defaults for displaying the data in the graphs or tables, upper and lower warning and error limits, as well as messages when limits are reached. This article applies to PRTG Network Monitor 19 or later. Myself and a couple of people are working on a custom PRTG sensor via power shell for our systems. It will hinder PRTG from executing scripts, therefore you cannot use them. Sort by. To show the expected values and sensor status, your files must return the expected JSON format. The other option is to write a script or EXE which outputs the format you need and the values you need and that could work with a custom sensor. sensors, Created on Sep 22, 2016 7:52:27 AM by It’s absolutely possible to write scripts that remote into the monitored machine to perform some check or task, but if the check or task involves the monitored server contacting another server, you’re going to need to research. Minimum PowerShell version. I know that I used to have that feeling, and I work with PRTG every day. I have been down this path and hopefully I am at my end. Select either the EXE/Script sensor or the EXE/Script (Advanced) sensor. This one tends to get overlooked. Stephan Linke [Paessler Support], Last change on Dec 4, 2020 2:05:53 PM by You may also get the error message, Keep in mind that newer operating systems will usually run a newer PowerShell version, your cmdlets may be missing parameters, or your variables may not be correctly called within text (, Open the script and search for something like, If the output looks like XML, copy the script to the. List of Available Sensor Types . For the installation of PowerShell scripts in PRTG, follow these steps: 1. Stephan Linke, Tech Support Team, Created on Jan 15, 2018 7:28:56 AM by lordmilko Tags. Recently, I worked on PRTG to monitor a Direct Access infrastructure but there was no available sensor to check DirectAccess. There are a few settings that you cannot save into a device template, so PRTG sets them to default, for example: But there is a custom sensor that will run a PowerShell script. Add a new sensor. I can log into the server and run the script from within a PowerShell process myself with no problems. Note that these last options only set defaults when the sensor is first added – if your sensor doesn’t report them correctly on the first scan, they won’t be read on subsequent scans (such as when you update the sensor’s script file). Additionally, a sensor in an error state may not record data. Some things to keep in mind when you’re troubleshooting a new sensor: %SystemRoot%\syswow64\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe, c:\Program Files (x86)\PRTG Network Monitor\Custom Sensors\EXEXML\,
For more information, see section Auto-Discovery. I am getting the "Response not well formed ... cannot be loaded because the execution of scripts is disabled on this system" error even though I have tried setting the execution policy to RemoteSigned, Unrestricted, and Bypass on the system where the sensor is located (the probe system itself). If your custom notification's code relies on other files (for example, .dll, .NET framework, or Windows PowerShell), you must copy/install these files on the PRTG core server system manually. Configure the execution policy of the PRTG server. The link to the code is below, from the official paesler forum: The EXE/Script sensor runs an executable file (.exe, .dll) or a script (batch file, VBScript, PowerShell) on the probe system. To use custom REST configurations in PRTG hosted by Paessler, contact the Paessler support team, or add this sensor to a remote probe instead and save the file on the remote probe system. With PRTG, we have our maps feature – which can also be referred to as dashboards. Created on Mar 7, 2019 10:38:33 PM by It is beta, does not support smart URL lookups (sensor only reports locally). I have also tried using the "-Scope LocalMachine" parameter and using both options for Security Context. console Created on Sep 22, 2016 9:16:26 AM by PRTG Manual: Custom Sensors. However, if you are unsure what kind of script you have, you have two options: The script is now installed. If you haven’t gotten that far, you can also just review the raw return value of the script. The sensor displayed incorrect results (0) or no values after migrating it to a new or different server or Windows version. Then I created a new EXE/Script Advanced Sensor and selected xyz.ps1 as my Script.
Channels are grouped in a sensor. This is the “minimum example” from the PRTG API Documentation: First channel 10 Second channel 20 Brandy Greger [Paessler Support], This article applies to PRTG Network Monitor 19 or later. Kind regards, Utilizing a PowerShell Custom Sensor, combined with this script by Florian Rossmark, you can query data about disabled, expired or locked-out users directly from Active Directory and display it in PRTG. Second channel
The EXE/Script sensor runs an executable file (.exe, .dll) or a script (batch file, VBScript, PowerShell) on the probe system. Full information about all of these values is available in the, One of my colleagues at Lockstep, Brian Addicks, has put together, Additionally, there’s two things that go outside of the result channels: Text messages and Error states. Most likely, the latter is the case. You are invited to get involved by asking and reduce cost, increase QoS and ease planning, as well. I am a bit lost, though. You can of course greatly diminish pains in troubleshooting by doing lots of error-handling in your code and use the element in your output to return a useful message about what is wrong. The script will be executed on the Probe node, not on the server you’re monitoring. Wondering how you can add a sensor in your PRTG installation? Could you by any chance provide a guide on creating lookup files to turn standard xml output into something PRTG can understand? Firefox and Chrome or the very latest versions of IE (9, 10) strongly recommended. Feedback welcome! ●1. Indeed, there is also a script to monitor user accounts within Active Directory using PRTG. This “market capitalisation” sensor uses PRTG’s REST Custom Sensor to pull data from the API of a publicly accessible share price site, in this case IEX, with no credentials needed. To get beyond the data that the packaged sensors provide, you can roll-your-own custom sensors. Certain items are hard coded in this code (Auth and PRTGHost), please review before you run. Recently I wrote a Powershell sensor for PRTG and wanted to use it as EXE/Script Advanced sensor on a Windows 10 Home (Build 1607) Probe system. In the spotlight with this post: LordMilko, a PRTG user who developed PrtgAPI, a C#/PowerShell library for managing PRTG. This knowledgebase contains questions and answers about PRTG Network save. (62) powershell 20
Unless you’re an incredible, experienced professional programmer who writes perfectly bug-free and error-handled code, there’s a better-than-average chance that you’re going to write a script that eventually fails to return data as expected. Custom PRTG Sensor to monitor NoSpamProxy message flow This PowerShell script returns custom sensor data of a NoSpamProxy environment for the monitoring solution PRTG.By default the following channels are part of the probe: In/Out Success Total of inbound/outbound successfully delivered messages over the last X minutes Inbound Suc (0), @TypoProne Thanks for your input. You might want to check the REST Custom Sensor, as it allow you to properly evaluate XML/JSON into PRTGesque channels :) Or do you require assistance with that? Also, if any of you have any custom PRTG sensors using powershell that you have created, I would love to see them, and see what other powershell based tips and tricks people are using in their PRTG based monitoring environments. You can show the PowerShell help for a script as follows: It will show you a description of the script and which parameters are supported including their description. In upcoming post, I'll explain how to use the prtgshell PowerShell Module together with VMware / NetApp/ Active Directory/Citrix etc. Stephan Linke [Paessler Support]. The Sensor is indeed still in beta and likely not make it into a non-beta state, as we're working on a successor that will be easier to handle. Out-of-the-box, PRTG supports a pretty wide gamut of sensors and should be able to give you reasonably comprehensive monitoring of most network devices. Enter the parameters. Next, you will have to check the output of the script. There are no restrictions, all codes will be executed. PrtgXml is a PowerShell library that provides a declarative syntax for creating EXE/Script Advanced sensors in PRTG Network Monitor. PRTG executes the file on the local PRTG core server system using the account configured for the PRTG core server service (system is default). You can then call the script as follows: Go through Step 1 of this tutorial to resolve this. There are only two options: If you already know the output type, simply copy the script to the corresponding directory. Example. The sensor can show the following: One value returned by the executable file or script (in one channel only) Execution time ... Windows Linux MacOS Prtg Sensor Device Group Probe Channel Notification Action Trigger Remove Pause Resume Check Acknowledge PowerShell Setting Property. How do I install this and what do I need to do to get it to work properly? jdbrouwer.github.io/ 1 comment. You can pare down the list by typing “exe” in the search box. 5.1. PRTG always executes all powershell scripts in 32-bit powershell. This is the “minimum example” from the, This example returns two channels back to PRTG – one creatively called “First channel,” and the second called “Second channel.” Each of these channels contain a numeric value (which is what PRTG will graph). -parameter1 -parameter2 So I copied my xyz.ps1 file into the correct folder: C:\Program Files\PRTG Network Monitor\Custom Sensors\EXEXML . EXE/Script. Cmdlets. The question is how to correctly use it. The following custom sensor is available by default: sensor_example.py; This Python example script only returns fixed values in two channels to demonstrate the usage. The sensor can show the following: One value returned by the executable file or script (in one channel only)Execution time On a 32-bit server, this is simple: open a PowerShell prompt with admin rights and enter, PRTG gives a drop-down menu in the PRTG GUI that lists the contents of the EXEXML directory (. Ok great news, if you use PRTG to monitor your machines, then you can still use PowerShell! Owners. If the physical device answers to a sensor request, the sensor is added to the device in PRTG. If you have many sensors that run concurrently, you can configure different mutex names so that they do not hinder each other. Second sensor with ID 101 is pulling different SNMP value to channel 0. Downloaded scripts have to be signed prior to execution. For the files to appear in this list, store the files into this subfolder ending in .bat, .cmd, .dll, .exe, .ps1, or .vbs. in PRTG channels are the smallest "object" to store data in. This is not script that lives in a PRTG sensor, ... A good understand of Powershell and PRTG would be required to use this. Please log in or register to enter your reply. The parameters are listed there. \Custom Sensors\rest Guide for PowerShell-based Custom sensors 82% Upvoted. Generates a XML block for use with a PRTG Network Monitor Custom Sensor.DESCRIPTION Prtg serves as the root node for all responses given under all EXE/Script Advanced sensors in PRTG, generating the XML. What follows is an extremely bare-bones method of deploying a PRTG custom REST sensor using PrtgAPI with PowerShell. And that’s it: you’ve got a custom sensor. PrtgAPI can be used to add even more flexibility to PRTG. PRTG then tries to discover the stored sensors on the device. Because the scripts are always executed by the PRTG probe service (the PRTG probe is a 32-bit application), we need to use the 32-bit PowerShell: Remember that when the device is located on a remote probe, you need to take the steps on the system where the remote probe is installed, not on the PRTG core server system.Note: You need to do this only once. Stephan's suggestion sounds pefect, until you get under the hood. More. Typically, to generate a response with one channel the following XML is required < Prtg > < Result > < Channel >First Channel Channel > < Value >10 Value > Result > Prtg > This option is provided as part of the PRTG application programming interface (API). The sensor executes it with every scanning interval. Stephan Linke [Paessler Support], Last change on Dec 3, 2020 2:53:43 PM by Generates a XML block for use with a PRTG Network Monitor Custom Sensor.DESCRIPTION Prtg serves as the root node for all responses given under all EXE/Script Advanced sensors in PRTG, generating the XML. 300.000 administrators have chosen PRTG to monitor their network. Make sure that the user has all necessary permissions to properly execute the sensor. Once you’ve picked the right script on the drop-down box, you can save your sensor and watch it collect data for you. To create a new sensor based on this file, create a new Python Script Advanced sensor and choose the file from the Python Script list in the sensor settings. The execution policy configured on a host specifies which scripts can be executed on the Windows host. KNOWLEDGE BASE. Custom sensors for PRTG are very simple: a script or a program gathers some data and returns it back to PRTG in a structured XML format. This list shows all files available in the corresponding \Custom Sensors\EXEXML subfolder of the PRTG program directory on the probe system. executionpolicy You’ve possibly already added this device to PRTG, and maybe even have some other sensors configured for it – ping, SNMP traffic, etc. There are several available settings for this: By default, the execution policy is set to Restricted. Take an example at this Powershell code: We’ve had good success writing sensors of this type in PowerShell, which is what I’m going to cover here today – but some of this can apply to any compiled executable as well. With PRTG Sensor Factory Sensor you creat new (third) sensor which will have in its Channel definition following: This thread is archived. (0) If the script works fine, you can proceed with creating the sensor in PRTG. Double-check that the downloaded script file is not. On your sensor settings page, there is an option titled “EXE Result” that is by default set to “Discard EXE result”. PRTG MANUAL. report. MSchwartz12 This is probably because of the user account that is configured in the probe service or device, depending on what you selected as security context. If the script entirely lacks documentation, simply open the script with a text editor and search for param. For example, you can write a PowerShell query that connects to the target device, retrieves the desired counters with the Get-Counter cmdlet, and reports them to PRTG as individual channels. Do you ever feel when it is time to go and create a map in PRTG, you draw a blank? Good resources to find custom sensors that other users and we from Paessler share are the PRTG Sensor Hub and our Knowledge Base.
Description. Make sure that you are running the latest Windows Management Framework. Monitor and network monitoring in general. Method Two: run this command to open a powershell prompt, and then set the execution policy using that prompt: The script doesn’t necessarily execute as you – it executes using either the scope of the PRTG service (be that on the probe or the core server) which you can of course change using the Windows Services tool, or as the user defined in the credentials for the device. PRTG will execute the sensor at the interval you define and graph the returned results. answering questions! C#/PowerShell interface for PRTG Network Monitor. Writing PRTG custom sensors with powershell, explained in detail and step by step. If you’re not already familiar with PRTG, I recommend that you find a spare machine someplace to. ●1 Created on Jan 12, 2018 3:00:47 PM by Make sure that it has .ps1 as extension. , Error reading response: XML Parser mismatch: Wanted <<<>, got , C:\ProgramData\Paessler\PRTG Network Monitor\Logs (Sensors), all signed with Authenticode certificates, Method One: locate the”Windows PowerShell (x86)” shortcut in the start menu and set the execution policy there (. Warning states are set in the channels; if any one of the channels reports a warning state, the sensor itself goes into a warning state. I have a PowerShell script either from the Knowledge Base, from Support, or from somewhere on the internet. Samuel Ashdown Select the device choose “Add Sensor.” In the massive list of sensors you’re presented, locate “EXE/Script Advanced”. So first, you need to set the execution policy. Hey Sam, This indicates that either a command or function used by the script is not properly declared within the script or that it uses a cmdlet that is not available on the PRTG server. share. But a Disk Used sensor would allow me to easily graph how fast our data is growing so that when I ask management for money for more storage I have a pretty graph to show why ;) Anyways, I have with (with some help from r/powershell ) a script that runs the calculations and spits out the data used in GB. These are all custom made. The execution policy is not correctly configured on the host. To show you just some of the functionality that PrtgAPI provides, we decided to do a series of blog posts giving some examples of how you can use it. Map in PRTG Network monitor so first, you can pare down the list by typing “ exe ” the... Worked on PRTG to monitor different performance counters with the same name, add sensor! Values after migrating it to work properly in your PRTG installation an error state May record... Map in PRTG, you ’ re not already familiar with PRTG day... Thing that contain actual monitoring values the Project Site contains questions and answers about PRTG Network and... Sensors provide, you can roll-your-own custom sensors the list by typing “ exe ” in search. That the packaged sensors provide, you need to do to get the... For examples and usage scenarios, please review before you run RDS ( Remote Desktop )! Scripts have to be returned in an XML format account configured in the Knowledge Base, search for the custom-script-exe... Prtg from executing scripts, therefore you can reduce cost, increase QoS and ease,. Connected users to and RDS ( Remote Desktop Services ) session do I need to do to involved... Type, simply copy the script to the device interface ( API ) firefox Chrome! List of sensors you ’ re presented with a page of options for your sensor... Simply copy the script from within a PowerShell process myself with no problems, if you have many sensors other! Beta, does not Support smart URL lookups ( sensor only reports locally ) '' parameter and using options. Share are the smallest `` object '' to store data in pretty wide gamut of you! Acknowledge PowerShell Setting Property PowerShell script the massive list of sensors and be! The bill PrtgAPI can be executed PRTG user who developed PrtgAPI, a C # /PowerShell library for managing.... Before you run are the thing that contain actual monitoring values sensors should. I need to do to get involved by asking and answering questions haven ’ t that! Do not hinder each other Direct Access infrastructure but there was no available sensor to check DirectAccess,. All PowerShell scripts in PRTG Network monitor no needful Example of a PRTG custom... Directory on the Windows host pulling different SNMP value to Channel 0 pefect, you! And selected xyz.ps1 as my script added to the corresponding directory ve got a custom sensor that will run PowerShell! To as dashboards flexibility to PRTG user who developed PrtgAPI, a C # /PowerShell library for PRTG... Option is provided as part of the PRTG Application directory > \Custom Sensors\EXE\, < Application... All files available in the Knowledge Base, search for param sensors that users. Page of options for your input about PRTG Network monitor 19 or later sensor is added to corresponding... Works fine, you draw a blank set to Restricted server and run script. A map in PRTG Network monitor 19 or later take an Example at this PowerShell code Wondering! Xml output into something PRTG can understand request, the sensor XML format my end in PRTG Network monitor Network. How you can add a sensor request, the execution policy is not configured... Add Sensor. ” in the code sensor in an XML format – which can just! List shows all files available in the Knowledge Base, from Support, or from somewhere the... That I used to add even more flexibility to PRTG I copied my file! ) sensor results ( 0 ), @ TypoProne Thanks for your new sensor with creating sensor! As dashboards not on the host log in or register to enter your reply, search the! Got a prtg custom sensor powershell example sensor and selected xyz.ps1 as my script therefore you can reduce,... Ashdown ( 62 ) ●1 ●1 sounds pefect, until you get under the hood have chosen to! Tries to discover the stored sensors on the host stored sensors on the device “. Do I need to do to get involved by asking and answering questions invited to get beyond data... A custom sensor and selected xyz.ps1 as my script script entirely lacks documentation, simply open the script entirely documentation... Id 101 is pulling different SNMP value to Channel 0 29, 2019 10:38:33 PM by Ashdown..., all codes will be executed Sensors\EXEXML subfolder of the script with a page of options for your.! Acknowledge PowerShell Setting Property needful Example of a PRTG user who developed PrtgAPI a! Still use PowerShell then tries to discover the stored sensors on the Probe service or the EXE/Script ( )... No values after migrating it to work properly my script settings for this: by default the. To go and create a map in PRTG channels are the PRTG directory. Example at this PowerShell code: Wondering how you can configure different mutex so... Can reduce cost, increase QoS and ease planning, as well after migrating it to a new EXE/Script sensor! The raw return value of the script is documented properly ( either via PowerShell or text )! You ’ re presented, locate “ EXE/Script Advanced sensor type, simply copy the using... Copy the script is now installed programming interface ( API ) I install this and what I. 3:00:47 PM by Samuel Ashdown ( 62 ) ●1 RDS ( Remote Desktop Services ) session into. A Direct Access infrastructure but there is an Advanced HTTP sensor that I am hoping will fit the bill and... By default, the sensor in an XML format their Network PRTG then to! To the device choose “ add Sensor. ” in the search box latest Windows Management Framework values! Program directory on the Probe service or the EXE/Script sensor or the EXE/Script sensor... To properly execute the sensor is designed to return the current number of users. In or register to enter your prtg custom sensor powershell example it will hinder PRTG from executing scripts, you. Prtg, follow these steps: 1 run the script works fine, you can add sensor... Give you reasonably comprehensive monitoring of most Network devices through Step 1 this. The list by typing “ exe ” in the Knowledge Base the internet PowerShell Setting Property the account! That other users and we from Paessler share are the PRTG Application programming interface ( API ) fit! Wondering how you can proceed with creating the sensor type expects the data be! And hopefully I am at my end ) ●1 in an XML format be able give! That run concurrently, you ’ re presented with a page of options for your input input! Of the script works fine, you can pare down the list by typing “ exe in... Xml format performance counters with the same name, add one prtg custom sensor powershell example for each.... Is beta, does not Support smart URL lookups ( sensor only reports )! On creating lookup files to turn standard XML output into something PRTG can understand share are the thing contain. My end different mutex names so that they do not hinder each other to use the prtgshell Module! User who developed PrtgAPI, a PRTG custom REST sensor using PrtgAPI with.! Powershell code: Wondering how you can roll-your-own custom sensors interface ( API ) more flexibility to PRTG sensor incorrect... Return the expected values and sensor status, your files must return the current number of users... To work properly of custom sensors that other users and we from Paessler share are the smallest `` ''! Prtg, you can also just review the raw return value of the Probe service the! Want to monitor a Direct Access infrastructure but there was no available sensor to the! Sehr nützliches Modul um benutzerdefinierte Sensoren für PRTG zu erstellen – which also... Are set outside of the PRTG API a new or different server or Windows version Example of a PowerShell myself! Great news, if you haven ’ t gotten that far, you can also be referred to dashboards! Windows version with VMware / NetApp/ Active Directory/Citrix etc massive list of sensors and should be no problem no... Probe system server you ’ ve got a custom sensor and I dislike XML,... Creating EXE/Script Advanced sensor type expects the data to be returned in an XML format: ’... Install this and what do I need to do to get it to work properly haven ’ gotten... Type, you can still use PowerShell TypoProne ( 0 ) or no values after migrating it to work?! With creating the sensor at the interval you define and graph the returned results is set Restricted., 2018 3:00:47 PM by Samuel Ashdown ( 62 ) ●1 \Custom Sensors\EXEXML\ the packaged sensors provide, ’. Monitor different performance counters with the same name, add one sensor for each counter für PRTG erstellen! To as dashboards and hopefully I am hoping will fit the bill zu erstellen provide... User has all necessary permissions to properly execute the sensor in your PRTG installation of. And ease planning, as well can not use them by any chance provide a guide on lookup. T gotten that far, you can roll-your-own custom sensors that run,... The server and run the script is documented properly ( either via PowerShell or text documentation,! You draw a blank Project Site at this PowerShell code: Wondering how can. Use PowerShell, add one sensor for each counter for your new sensor type, simply copy the script the. To enter your reply of deploying a PRTG user who developed PrtgAPI, a C # /PowerShell library for PRTG! No problem packaged sensors provide, you can roll-your-own custom sensors the smallest `` object '' to store in! Prtg custom REST sensor using PrtgAPI with PowerShell do not hinder each other at this code. The output of the result blocks in the search box be referred to as dashboards PowerShell code Wondering...
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