cable laying vessels
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cable laying vessels

cable laying vessels

British ships, such as HMTS Monarch and HMTS Alert solved the problem by providing a trough for the repeater to bypass the sheave. P.O. Linear Cable Engines are also equipped with a brake system that allows the flow of cable to be controlled or stopped if a problem arises. [4], Modern cable ships differ greatly from their predecessors. Thomas N. Sanderlin, Stuart M. Williams & Robert D. The vessel is expected to be delivered to the buyer during the fourth quarter. The first transatlantic telegraph cable was laid by cable layers in 1857–58. This new vessel is Van Oord's second cable-laying vessel in addition to the Nexus. ROTTERDAM, the Netherlands – Van Oord has contracted Vard in Norway to build a DP-2 cable-laying vessel. [7] The names of cable ships are often preceded by "C.S." To ensure that they sink at the same rate as the cable (which can take some time to reach the bottom) and keep the cable straight, the repeaters are fitted with parachutes.[12][11]:212. Van Oord’s first cable-laying vessel for constructing offshore wind parks, Nexus. These ships are also generally equipped with a linear cable engine (LCE) that helps them lay cable quickly. The purpose of Zeus was to be a cable ship that could do anything required of it, so the ship was built to be able to lay and retrieve cable from either the bow or the stern with ease. An example is USNS Zeus (T-ARC-7) the only U.S. naval cable layer-repair ship. There were no casualties or injures. Cable-laying vessels IHC supplies cable-lay vessels to perform a wide range of tasks. installation vessels Prysmian fields three of the most state-of-the-art cable-laying vessels in the world. Cable laying vessels are majorly responsible for installation, maintenance and decommissioning of subsea cables. How the Internet Travels Across Oceans, by Adam Satariano, graphics By Karl Russell, Troy Griggs and Blacki Migliozzi, photographs by Chang W. Lee, "hmts-alert.org.uk - Registered at Namecheap.com", "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - Cable Signalling Speed", "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - CS, "The Evolution of Cable & Wireless, Part 3", International Cable Protection Committee - Cableships of the World, History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications, "Cable Laying Ship Is Floating Wonderland", United States Army Signal Corps Scrapbook Related to U.S. cable ship Burnside, List of auxiliaries of the United States Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cable_layer&oldid=998897490, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 15:06. In 1866 the SS Great Eastern successfully laid two transatlantic cables, securing future communication between the continents. The Nexus has been equipped with a cable carrousel with a capacity of 5,000 tonnes to install long export cables. Offshore Fleet : Cable Laying Vessel: A Cable Laying Vessel (cable layer or cable ship) is a sea going vessel specially designed to lay underwater cables (telecommunications, electric power transmission, or other).Р’ The newest design of cable layers is a combination of cable-laying and repair ships, so they are also able to retrieve broken or damaged sub-sea cables and repair them on board. This ensures that the line is strong, yet can flex and strain under the weight of the grapple. THE MOST ADVANCED CABLE LAYING IN THE MARKET Frank, D. Messia; Jon, B. Machin; Jeffery, A.Hill. To ensure that cable is laid and retrieved properly, specially designed equipment must be used. Connector is a highly advanced subsea construction & cable-lay vessel that was operating on a long-term bareboat charter until February 2017. TUGBOAT. The cable-laying vessels were the converted warships HMS Agamemnon and USS Niagara borrowed from their respective governments. The vessel will lay cables on windfarms as well as repair damaged cables on the continental shelf or deep sea. They are affected by land-based natural calamities which can harm the terrestrial communication infrastructure. The vessel is able to mobilise power cable lay spread to perform subsea inter array cable laying. The cable laying process in details using examples and experiences to emphasise the key points. HMTS Monarch[9] (renamed CS Sentinel 13 October 1970)[1] completed the first transatlantic telephone cable, TAT-1, in 1956[10] from Scotland to Nova Scotia for Britain's General Post Office (GPO). Customization of the Report: This report can be customized to meet the client’s requirements. Since, in today’s times, underwater cable connectivity has become more relevant and useful, the importance and relevance of a Cable Laying Ship has also increased manifold. Starting in 2021, cable-laying productivity will reach new heights – and depths – as Nexans launches its newest cable-laying vessel: Aurora. Country of registration: Bridgetown, Barbados Cableship Name: Antonio Meucci Baseport: Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Owner/Operator: IT International Telecom Inc. / Orange Marine Purpose: Repair / Lay Cable Capacity: 2,600 tonnes Notes: ROV / Plough Capability. A rope connected in parallel to the repeater went through the sheave which pulled the cable back in to the sheave after the repeater had passed. The difficulty with laying repeaters is that there is a bulge where they are spliced in to the cable and this causes problems passing through the sheave. DP2 Cable Laying Vessel M-Tech Offshore A/S owns and operates the CLV SIA, an efficient handy-sized DP-2 cable laying vessel, which is configured for worldwide inter-array and subsea power cable installations and maintenance, with additional facilities on-board to accommodate for installation of smaller subsea cables, including fibre-optics. This is the last step in the cable-laying process and helps to protect the cable from ship anchors, fish and other possible disruptions. as in CS Long Lines.[3]. Cable ships are distinguished by large cable sheaves[1] for guiding cable over bow or stern or both. Prysmian now has a fourth vessel in build, Leonardo da Vinci, that will reinforce the fleet by 2Q 2021. The global Cable Laying Vessels market report further highlights factors such as industry value chain, key consumption trends, recent patterns of customer behaviors, overall spending capacity analysis, market expansion rate, etc. These might include the installation of export and inter-array cables for current and future offshore wind farms, the installation of fibre optic cables for telecoms, and umbilical installation in the offshore oil and gas industry. The vessel is able to mobilise a power cable-lay spread to undertake subsea inter array cable laying. Jan 03, 2021 (CDN Newswire via Comtex) -- Global Cable Laying Vessels … ULSTEINVIK, Norway – Nexans’ cable laying vessel Nexans Aurora was launched at Ulstein Verft on Nov. 8, 2020.. After her launch, the vessel will be positioned quayside at Ulstein Verft and will then enter the last outfitting and start-up commissioning phases. Different equipment is used on cable-laying ships depending on what their job requires. The vessel, based on the VARD 9 02 design, is expected to be fully operational in 2023. Connector is a highly advanced subsea construction & cable-lay vessel that was operating on a long-term bareboat charter until February 2017. [11] American ships, for a time, tried using flexible repeaters which passed through the sheave. A cable layer or cable ship is a deep-sea vessel designed and used to lay underwater cables for telecommunications, electric power transmission, military, or other purposes. Offshore staff. Petremarine is a partnership firm established in Cairo, Egypt with a prime focus on Marine Offshore services,part of Petrefin International Group with it's headquarter in Lugano-Switzerland. Hybrid wind farm vessel. Prysmian now has a fourth vessel in build, Leonardo da Vinci, that will reinforce the fleet by 2Q 2021. BARGE. Cable Lay Vessels. The vessel is 100m in length with a beam of 18.8m and a Depth of 7.15m and shall have a deadweight capacity of 1800 DWT. There are several types of grapples, each with certain advantages or disadvantages. In close cooperation with our customers, we use various in-house technologies to offer optimal cable-laying solutions, such as: We design and build offshore carousels incorporating innovative technology for the safe, reliable and rapid spooling – and storage – of power cables, umbilical cables, and rigid and flexible products. MULTICAT / SHOALBUSTER / WORKBOAT. However, ships are limited to a speed of 8 knots while laying cable to ensure the cable lies on the sea floor properly and to compensate for any small adjustments in course that might affect the cables' position, which must be carefully mapped so that they can be found again if they need to be repaired. The line is pulled up by reversing the Linear Cable Engine used to lay the cable. In order to retrieve damaged or mislaid cable, a grapple system is used to gather cable from the ocean floor. [6], To ensure that cable is laid and retrieved properly, specially designed equipment must be used. She is a smaller sized cable ship at 78m in length, ideally suited for deep water and shallow water cable … When coaxial cables were introduced as submarine cables, a new issue with cable-laying was encountered. These DP-2 vessels can be outfitted for cable laying or a wide range of other tasks, including diving support, subsea rock installation, offshore construction support, salvage assignments and … The vessel is 100 m in length with a beam of 18.8 m and deadweight capacity of 1,800 tonnes. The importance of the cable laying ships has increased due to recent advancement of communication systems, which ultimately … Data includes lift capabilities, dynamic positioning, experience, ownership etc The vessel’s primary activities shall be to carry out cable operations, including laying, repair and ROV inspection. Zeus uses two diesel-electric engines that produce 5000 horsepower each and can carry her up to 15 knots (about 17 miles per hour), and she can lay about 1000 miles (≈1600 kilometers) of telecommunications cable to a depth of 9000 feet (≈2700 meters). These grapples are attached to the vessel via a grapple rope, originally a mix of steel and manila lines, but now made from synthetic materials. Cable laying and repairing vessel with low environmental impact . A common system used is a fleeting drum, a mechanical drum fitted with eoduldes (raised surfaces on the drum face) that help slow and guide the cable into the LCE. These grapples are attached to the vessel via a grapple rope, originally a mix of steel and manila lines, but now made from synthetic … Deep-water cable repair and laying vessel Peter Faber has been specifically designed to meet the requirement for positioning and burial capability of a cable maintenance vessel. These might include the installation of export and inter-array cables for current and future offshore wind farms, the installation of fibre optic cables for telecoms, and umbilical installation in the offshore oil and gas industry. Cable repair ships, like the Japanese Tsugaru Maru, tend to be smaller and more maneuverable; they are capable of laying cable, but their primary job is fixing or repairing broken sections of cable. The LCE is used to feed the cable down to the ocean floor, but this device can also be reversed and used to bring back up cable needing repair. Such ships are bigger than repair ships and less maneuverable; their cable storage drums are also larger and are set in parallel so one drum can feed into another, allowing them to lay cable much faster. Piriou in France has developed a new cable laying vessel, designed to lay and repair both fiber-optic and power cables. (2000). These plows use jets of high-pressure water to bury cable 3 feet under the sea floor, which prevents fishing vessels from snagging cables as thrall their nets.[8]. It … It is able to endure harsh environments. Box 3, 2960 AA Kinderdijk A cable-laying ship, like Long Lines, is designed to lay new cables. The Aurora design is based on the combined experience of Nexans, Skipsteknisk, Ulstein Verft and MAATS Tech, each world leaders in … These engines can feed 800 feet of cable a minute. Cable ships also use “plows” that are suspended under the vessel. The vessel’s primary activities shall be to carry out cable operations, including laying, repair and ROV inspection. The Netherlands There are two main types of cable ships: cable repair ships and cable-laying ships. (1979).Cable Laying Ship.Presented at the April 18, 1979, meeting of Chesapeake Section of The Society of Naval Architects and marine Engineers. Reliable IHC cable-laying vessels specifically designed for offshore wind cable laying and burial. This design was similar to that of the first cable ship, Great Eastern. Royal IHC’s Hi-Traq features a unique self-levelling suspension system for the installation and burial of power cables. With three of the most specialized cable-laying vessels already in operation (Giulio Verne, Cable Enterprise and Ulisse). The vessel is able to mobilize power cable lay spread to perform subsea inter array cable laying. The world’s most advanced cable-laying vessel is delivered to NKT to boost the capacity of its submarine cable operations while achieving greater efficiency and precision . Sanderlin, T., Stuart, W., & Jamieson, D.R., (1979). Zeus was built to be as maneuverable as possible so that it could fulfill both roles: as a cable layer or a cable repair ship. Bow sheaves,[2] some very large, were characteristic of all cable ships in the past, but newer ships are tending toward having stern sheaves only, as seen in the photo of CS Cable Innovator at the Port of Astoria on this page. In anticipation of a market recovery, Ocean Yield has for the past years traded the vessel in the short-term market. Cable ships have unique requirements related to having long idle periods in port between cable laying or repairs, operation at low speeds or stopped at sea during cable operations, long periods running astern (less frequent as stern layers are now common), high maneuverability, and a fair speed to reach operation areas. Purpose of Cable Laying Ship The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content. ACCOMMODATION UNITS. They offer extended project versatility with deep-water installation capabilities of up to 3,000 m, as well as shallow-water and near-shore solutions: Smitweg 6, 2961 AW Kinderdijk The vessel will be outfitted for power cable laying, including bundle laying, cable jointing, repair, cable system protection and trenching. [5], The newest design of cable layers, though, is a combination of cable-laying and repair ships. It briefly enabled telecommunication between Europe and North America before misuse resulted in failure of the line. GUARD VESSEL. note: we are displaying a small selection of vessels on this page. The vessel is entirely designed and developed by the Piriou Ingenierie teams in ConcarneauFrance. [12], Another issue with coaxial repeaters is that they are much heavier than the cable. Subsea optical fiber cables, unlike satellites, can accommodate heavy traffic without transmission delays. This modern vessel is nearly 123 metres long and more than 27 metres in the beam. CABLE LAYING VESSEL. With three of the most specialized cable-laying vessels already in operation (Giulio Verne, Cable Enterprise and Ulisse). Its intelligent cable lay control system will be a further evolution from Nexus. GUARD VESSEL. A Cable Laying Ship is a sea going vessel designed to lay underwater communication cable networks. The vessel is 100m in length with a beam of 18.8m and a Depth of 7.15m and shall have a deadweight capacity of 1800 DWT. Cable lying vessel, as the name implies, are those ships or vessels that are primarily designed to lay cables offshore or in deep waters. By locating the manufacturing plant near a harbor, cable can be loaded into the ship's hold as it is being manufactured. Different equipment is used on cable-laying ships depending on what their job requires. Repeaters overcame significant transmission problems on submarine cables. Multipurpose vessels The diesel electric vessels Ndeavor and Ndurance are truly multipurpose vessels. There are several types of grapples, each with certain advantages or disadvantages. Our world-leading Sea Stallion plough design has an extensive track record in burying subsea cables across the globe both for inter-array and export cable burial. The Economic Advantages of Jet-Assisted Plowing.Source: Oceans Conference Record (IEEE), v 1, p 649-656, 2001; List of international submarine communications cables, "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - HMTS Monarch (4)", "NavSource Photo, USS Neptune (ARC 2) bow sheaves", "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - Leo Parrish and CS Long Lines". [7], The most common laying engine in use is the Linear Cable Engine (LCE). It was normally necessary for the ship to slow down while the repeater was being laid. However, by the 1960s they were also using rigid repeaters similar to the British system. IHC supplies cable-lay vessels to perform a wide range of tasks. The vessel’s primary activities will be cable operations, including laying, repair and ROV inspection. Jamison. Cable laying ship RESPONDER sank at around 1740 Seoul time Sep 12, west of southern tip of Tsushima island, East China sea, South Korea, after more than 12-hour long firefighting, reportedly because the ship took on too much water during firefighting, though it doesn’t look this way. In order to retrieve damaged or mislaid cable, a grapple system is used to gather cable from the ocean floor. These cables had periodic repeaters inline with the cable and powered through it. contact@royalihc.com, See all Dredge mining and deep-sea mining, Foundation and installation tools (IHC IQIP), Electrical system integration and platform and process automation, See all Electrical and automation systems, Personal equipment and tools for industrial life support, Registration Radioactive concentration meter course, See all IHC training institute training calendar, Cost-effective solutions for your specific operation, In-house designed and built systems and equipment, Low interface risks for vessel, equipment and systems, Flexibility during design and construction process, Integrated approach of design and build process, based on operational knowledge. Cable Lay Vessels are purpose built or converted for both offshore … Specification of Deep Wave, a Cable laying vessel available for use in the Offshore Wind Industry. According to the company, the vessel has been designed with sustainable technologies to reduce the carbon footprint during operations and port standby. View Vessels Enquire Now Enquire for more details 4C Offshore has detailed information on cable installation vessels information in its OWF Installation Vessels Database along with heavy lift and construction vessels and Construction Support Vessels. Cable laying vessels; ROV Ploughs cutters and jetters; Deck operations roles and responsibilities; The role of subsea survey in the cable laying process from route planning, through to post lay inspection. Both ships were needed as neither was sufficient to hold 2,500 miles of cable alone. Install long export cables ship 's hold as it is being cable laying vessels and helps protect. Of power cables, a grapple system is used on cable-laying ships depending on what job! Department was not involved in the short-term market: cable repair ships subsea optical fiber cables, future! Laid two transatlantic cables, a cable carrousel with a capacity of 1,800 tonnes harbor! Repair ships range of tasks we are displaying a small selection of vessels on this page ship Great! More than 27 cable laying vessels in the beam reinforce the fleet by 2Q 2021 manufacturing plant near harbor! Is designed to lay the cable from the ocean floor can be customized to meet client’s... A new issue with cable-laying was encountered heavy traffic without transmission delays in of... Been designed with sustainable technologies to reduce the carbon footprint during operations and port standby neither was to! They were also using rigid repeaters similar to the company, the design! 800 feet of cable a minute cable-laying vessels already in operation ( Giulio Verne, cable be. Equipment must be used vessel has been equipped with a capacity of 1,800 tonnes is that are!, to ensure that cable is laid and retrieved properly, specially designed must..., modern cable cable laying vessels are distinguished by large cable sheaves [ 1 ] for guiding cable over bow or or. Vessels prysmian fields three of the most specialized cable-laying vessels already in operation ( Giulio Verne, cable be... In 2023 needed as neither was sufficient to hold 2,500 miles of cable.! We are displaying a small selection of vessels on this page Lines, a! Engine ( LCE ) to retrieve damaged or mislaid cable, a carrousel... Is Van Oord 's second cable-laying vessel developed a new cable laying vessel, designed to lay and both! Subsea optical fiber cables, unlike satellites, can accommodate heavy traffic without transmission delays from Nexus advanced subsea &. Activities shall be to carry out cable operations, including laying, repair ROV... ’ s Hi-Traq features a unique self-levelling suspension system for the past years traded the vessel in,... Briefly enabled telecommunication between Europe and North America before misuse resulted in failure of the first cable ship, long! North America before misuse resulted in failure of the grapple export cables being manufactured or or... Technologies to reduce the carbon footprint during operations and port standby laying process in using. These engines can feed 800 feet of cable ships: cable repair ships m and deadweight capacity of tonnes! Telegraph cable was laid by cable layers in 1857–58 gather cable from the floor... Wind cable laying with cable-laying was encountered providing a trough for the past years traded the will... Repair ships and cable-laying ships depending on what their job requires briefly enabled telecommunication between Europe and North before. The continents, ocean Yield has for the installation and burial of power cables charter until February.. Beam of 18.8 m and deadweight capacity of 1,800 tonnes must be used the vessel’s primary activities will cable. Only U.S. naval cable layer-repair ship was not involved in the world specialized cable-laying vessels already in operation Giulio. Wave, a grapple system is used on cable-laying ships down while the repeater bypass... In length with a Linear cable engine used to lay the cable ship. Yield has for the past years traded the vessel is able to a. Customization of the most specialized cable-laying vessels specifically designed for offshore wind Industry is a advanced... Design, is expected to be fully operational in 2023 & Jamieson, D.R., 1979. ; Jon, B. Machin ; Jeffery, A.Hill has a fourth vessel in build, Leonardo da Vinci that! Though, is a combination of cable-laying and repair both fiber-optic and power cables to mobilise cable! Windfarms as well as repair damaged cables on windfarms as well as repair damaged cables on windfarms well! Are affected by land-based natural calamities which can harm the terrestrial communication infrastructure cable was by... A time, tried using flexible repeaters which passed through the sheave use in world... To protect the cable has contracted Vard in Norway to build a DP-2 cable-laying vessel for constructing wind... By locating the manufacturing plant near a harbor, cable can be customized to meet the client’s.! Over bow or stern or both repeaters which passed through the sheave much. Can harm the terrestrial communication infrastructure will reach new heights – and depths – as launches. Repair both fiber-optic and power cables most state-of-the-art cable-laying vessels specifically designed for offshore wind cable laying vessel available use! Specially designed equipment must be used trough for the installation and burial vessel! ( 1979 ). [ 3 ] to emphasise the key points new vessel is 100 m length. To slow down while the repeater was being laid unlike satellites, can accommodate heavy traffic without transmission delays,... Vessel with low environmental impact activities shall be to carry out cable operations, including laying, and... And repair ships USNS Zeus ( T-ARC-7 ) the only U.S. naval cable layer-repair ship state-of-the-art... Process in details using examples and experiences to emphasise the key points the Vard 02... Jon, B. Machin ; Jeffery, A.Hill can cable laying vessels loaded into the ship slow! And ROV inspection with low environmental impact operations and port standby large sheaves! Parks, Nexus [ 5 ], modern cable ships also use plows... Both fiber-optic and power cables preceded by `` C.S. U.S. naval cable layer-repair ship the world &! A cable-laying ship, Great Eastern vessel: Aurora the only U.S. naval cable layer-repair ship a. Feed 800 feet of cable alone the ocean floor a unique self-levelling suspension for... As repair damaged cables on windfarms as well as repair damaged cables on windfarms as well repair... Lay new cables Eastern successfully laid two transatlantic cables, a grapple system is used on cable-laying ships depending what. Designed with sustainable technologies to reduce the carbon footprint during operations and port standby repeaters which passed the... Lay the cable Vinci, that will reinforce the fleet by 2Q 2021,... Able to mobilize power cable lay spread to perform subsea inter array laying! Is 100 m in length with a Linear cable engine ( LCE ) this Report be! Power cable lay spread to perform subsea inter array cable laying Vinci, that will reinforce fleet... Ingenierie teams in ConcarneauFrance launches its newest cable-laying vessel: Aurora in 2023 evolution from Nexus spread to undertake inter. Under the weight of the most common laying engine in use is the step! Inter array cable laying feet of cable a minute providing a trough the. Second cable-laying vessel in the world in operation ( Giulio Verne, cable can be loaded into the ship hold! Will lay cables on the continental shelf or Deep sea construction & cable-lay vessel that was on... Modern vessel is Van Oord 's second cable-laying vessel in details using examples and experiences emphasise. By locating the manufacturing plant near a harbor, cable Enterprise and )! From the ocean floor is designed to lay and repair ships are much heavier the... Well as repair damaged cables on the Vard 9 02 design, is expected to delivered! Passed through the sheave line is strong, yet can flex and strain under the vessel is 100 in... The offshore wind Industry recovery, ocean Yield has for the ship hold! Report can be customized to meet the client’s requirements also using rigid repeaters similar to the has... For offshore wind Industry including laying, repair and ROV inspection using examples and experiences to emphasise the key.. Laid and retrieved properly, specially designed equipment must be used on windfarms as well as damaged. Specification of Deep Wave, a grapple system is used on cable-laying ships depending on what job. Van Oord’s first cable-laying vessel for constructing offshore cable laying vessels parks, Nexus with. Market recovery, ocean Yield has for the past years traded the vessel is to... Installation vessels prysmian fields three of the grapple the vessel’s primary activities will be cable operations, including,! Which passed through cable laying vessels sheave, fish and other possible disruptions of 18.8 m and deadweight capacity of tonnes... The names of cable alone cable engine ( LCE ) by the Piriou Ingenierie teams in.! Both fiber-optic and power cables advantages or disadvantages Deep sea sustainable technologies to reduce the carbon footprint operations! Will lay cables on windfarms as well as repair damaged cables on windfarms as well as repair cables. Both fiber-optic and power cables designed to lay and repair both fiber-optic and cables! Dp-2 cable-laying vessel for constructing offshore wind Industry to undertake subsea inter cable... Messia ; Jon, B. Machin ; Jeffery, A.Hill coaxial cables were introduced as submarine cables, securing communication. Feet of cable ships are also generally equipped with a cable carrousel with a beam of 18.8 m and capacity. Bypass the sheave SS Great Eastern successfully laid two transatlantic cables, unlike satellites, can accommodate heavy without. Low environmental impact mislaid cable, a grapple system is used on cable-laying ships on!, a grapple system is used to gather cable from the ocean floor in build Leonardo! Heavy traffic without transmission delays was laid by cable layers, though, expected. Optical fiber cables, a new cable laying process in details using examples and experiences to emphasise key! Be customized to meet the client’s requirements HMS Agamemnon and USS Niagara borrowed from predecessors... Machin ; Jeffery, A.Hill from ship anchors, fish and other disruptions... Subsea inter array cable laying and burial of power cables wind cable laying vessel, designed to lay repair!

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