hebrews 9 commentary
As contact with a dead body defiled ceremonially (compare the allusion, "ashes of an heifer," Hebrews 9:13 ), so dead works defile the inner consciousness spiritually. His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past." "Carnal ordinances" stand in apposition to "sacrifices" ( Hebrews 9:9 ). As Jesus is the Son of God, he is superior to the *angels. . unto salvation--to bring in completed salvation; redeeming then the body which is as yet subject to the bondage of corruption. 26. then--in that case. Scarlet or crimson, resembling blood: it was thought to be a peculiarly deep, fast dye, whence it typified sin Jesus wore a scarlet robe, the emblem of the deep-dyed sins He bore on Him, though He had none in Him. a worldly sanctuary--Greek, "its (literally, 'the') sanctuary worldly," mundane; consisting of the elements of the visible world. The solemn transactions between God and man, are sometimes called a covenant, here a testament, which is a willing deed of a person, bestowing legacies on such persons as are described, and it only takes effect upon his death. 2. The sprinkling of the roll (so the Greek for "book") of the covenant, or testament, as well as of the people, implies that neither can the law be fulfilled, nor the people be purged from their sins, save by the sprinkling of the blood of Christ ( 1 Peter 1:2 ). not . The expression "which had," does not mean that the golden censer was deposited there, for in that case the high priest would have had to go in and bring it out before burning incense in it; but that the golden censer was one of the articles belonging to, and used for, the yearly service in the holiest place. The Jewish tabernacle and its utensils. The outer tabernacle the Jews believed, signified this world; the Holy of Holies, heaven. But the Greek supports English Version. In 1 Kings 8:9 , 2 Chronicles 5:10 , it is said there was nothing in the ark of Solomon's temple save the two stone tables of the law put in by Moses. we cannot--conveniently: besides what met the eye in the sanctuary, there were spiritual realities symbolized which it would take too long to discuss in detail, our chief subject at present being the priesthood and the sacrifices. (23-28). be--literally, be borne": "be involved in the case"; be inferred; or else, "be brought forward in court," so as to give effect to the will. In Hebrews 9:2-5 , "the worldly sanctuary" is discussed; in Hebrews 9:6 , &c., the "ordinances of worship." Christ--The Messiah, of whom all the prophets foretold; not "Jesus" here. What gave such power to the blood of Christ? In accordance with the command given to Moses, "the first covenant had," &c. had--not "has," for as a covenant it no longer existed, though its rites were observed till the destruction of Jerusalem. now--as the case is, once--for all; without need of renewal. Week 4 (Aug. 30, 2015) Preaching text: Hebrews 9:1-14 This is a passage where thinking visually is essential. 1. Translate, "Through the . Jesus, our chief priest. The wool was also a symbol of purity ( Isaiah 1:18 ). Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. Chapter 9 The apostle, having declared the Old-Testament dispensation antiquated and vanishing away, proceeds to let the Hebrews see the correspondence there was between the Old Testament and the New; and that whatever was excellent in the Old was typical and representative of the New, which therefore must as far excel the Old as the substance does the shadow. Then verily--Greek, "Accordingly then." blood of others--not his own, as Christ did. 18. always--twice at the least every day, for the morning and evening care of the lamps, and offering of incense ( Exodus 30:7 Exodus 30:8 ). Hence is their continual prayer as the fruit and expression of their faith, Even so come, Lord Jesus. The sprinkling of the tabernacle with blood is added by inspiration here to the account in Exodus 30:25-30 , Exodus 40:9 Exodus 40:10 , which mentions only Moses' anointing the tabernacle and its vessels. made--built and furnished. Man's sin had introduced an element of disorder into the relations of God and His holy angels in respect to man. Hebrews 9:20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. the first tabernacle--the anterior tabernacle, representative of the whole Levitical system. washings--( Exodus 29:4 ). were--Greek, "are." Hebrews 2:3 is one reason some believe the Apostle Paul did not write Hebrews. They are there distinguished from the angels, and associated with the elders. Several people in the Bible were raised from the dead (1 Kings 17:22, 2 Kings 13:20-21, Matthew 9:25, John 11:43-44, Acts 20:9-11), and therefore died twice. 2. The purification of the flesh (the mere outward man) was by "sprinkling"; the washing followed by inseparable connection ( Numbers 19:19 ). In the outer holy place: so the Eucharist continues until our entrance into the heavenly Holy of Holies ( 1 Corinthians 11:26 ). . Through seeing HIM only can we see the Father. (A)2 A tabernacle(B)was set up. He virtually supposes (without specifying) the existence of the "altar of incense" in the anterior holy place, by mentioning the golden censer filled with incense from it: the incense answers to the prayers of the saints; and the altar though outside the holiest place, is connected with it (standing close by the second veil, directly before the ark of the covenant), even as we find an antitypical altar in heaven. in the presence of God--Greek, "to the face of God." Note, Christ's prophetical office, as the divine Teacher, was especially exercised during His earthly ministry; His priestly is now from His first to His second coming; His kingly office shall be fully manifested at, and after, His second coming. . "The uncreated heaven of God, though in itself Untroubled light, yet needed a purification in so far as the light of love was obscured by the fire of wrath against sinful man" [DELITZSCH in ALFORD]. appear--rather, as Greek, "be seen." . In our wilderness journey we are continually contracting defilement by contact with the spiritually dead, and with dead works, and need therefore continual application to the antitypical life-giving cleansing blood of Christ, whereby we are afresh restored to peace and living communion with God in the heavenly holy place. Chapter 9. But in this case Christ comes to life again, and is Himself (including all that He hath), in the power of His now endless life, His people's inheritance; in His being Heir ( Hebrews 1:2 ), they are heirs.
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